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wood framing around a fireplace

hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(131898, 'da0143d4-6316-45cf-a2ef-9f4e644efd1b', {}); Questions? Unfinished wood flooring makes up 72% of the flooring installed by contractors, according to the 2020 WFB State of the Industry Survey (wfbmag.co/soi20). The surround is more than an attractive frame for your fireplace. In most situations this means the header runs 2 in. The advantage of using fireplace inserts over the open fireplace is there is a space between the firebox and the outside walls of the insert. Wood. By Jenny Griffin For instance, a wood burning fireplace with an advertised 36 inch wide viewing area may have a framing dimension of 40 inches wide overall. What Does ‘Baseline Moisture Content’ Mean? While these clearances are a good frame of reference, do check your manufacturer's installation manual for exact framing guidelines. Martin Verhagen is president at contracting company Old World Wood Floors in Oregon,Wis. We offer Marble, Granite, Slate, Real Stone, and Cast Stone. Your framing must be indendent of the masonry structure, and must clear it by code clearances. The need for the air space and outer fireplace jacket means that additional space will be needed to fit the appliance into your intended location. If the floor is 2 1/4 you will need to measure out about 2 1/2 to allow for the tongue. Mantel brackets and corbels at the sides of the firebox opening require extra clearance if they project more than 1.5 inches outwards from the face of the fireplace. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes. On this job, the builder decided at the last minute against using tile and left it up to me to fill in the space I had already picture-framed. In this case, that adds up to 13 1 / 4 inches. It's a barrier to protect your home from the heat, sparks and flame in the fire pit. Clearances vary by manufacturer and quality of materials used. However, always make sure you follow the restrictions for your particular model. Featured Suppliers All fireplaces must have a noncombustible hearth that extends 20” beyond the front of the firebox and 8” to either side. Akhurst Machinery ... Motors 101 & What Wood Flooring Pros Should Know, Part 1. The National Fire Code requires all combustible material to be at least 6 inches from the opening of the firebox. May 22, 2017 Tip: This is a good time to consider building or buying a new mantel. Privacy Policy, FireRock Building Materials © 2021 | Site Design and Development by IMPACT, Clearance To Combustibles Around Fireplaces - Your Quick & Easy Guide, clearance to combustibles and framing from the firebox and smoke chamber is 1 inch. Wood-burning fireplaces also need non-combustible material on … Miter-cut the two end pieces for the frame. Once that board is secured, you can nail in the last side piece of the picture frame. Both paneling and thin wood boards work well to cover the existing fireplace. Combustibles aslo include wood trim, mantels, framing and any other object that can catch fire and burn. Build the fireplace frame. Other considerations for the front wall of the fireplace could be if you want to use masonry, stone, or brick. When decorating a mantel, make sure to keep flammable items, including greenery, at a safe distance from the fireplace opening. Fireplace inserts look and act like traditional fireplaces but are inserted directly into a frame such as an existing fireplace or even a piece of furniture. Inspectors of older homes often find wood framing built right against masonry chimneys and at times we find wood framing that rests in a pocket in a masonry chimney structure, using the chimney to support the building framing. Hammer finish nails through the trim boards every 4 to 6 inches into the hearth frame. Position the mantel around the fireplace. Be sure to check the placement of the fireplace relative to the wall and the floor. "Our customer... Everything from basics on running the big machine to detailed buffer techniques and more are in these wood floor sanding articles. Some zero-clearance fireplace products have labels and/or instructions listing 1/2" or more clearance to certain parts. Most framing I have seen goes straight up to the ceiling at the opening of the firebox. Just as a mention, in traditional wood burning fireplaces, there is to be a 2" air space between the masonry and any wood or combustibles. Again it's important to note the height of the mantel in your design. Also take care to ensure that combustibles are not placed less than 28 inches from where the sidewall opens (again, specific model requirements vary, so consult installation manuals). For instance, in the case of FireRock Building Materials, the minimum clearance to combustibles and framing from the firebox and smoke chamber is 1 inch. When installing a fireplace, adhering to the proper clearance to combustibles is imperative, as placing a combustible material too close to the fireplace can result in a fire. Here we used ipé for everything, but adding a contrasting species for the entire picture frame or as a feature strip is a great way to draw attention to the focal point. Clearances refer to how far materials have to be from your fireplace. I've installed the field almost up to the edge of the picture frame. Use the nailer on the board you cut in Step 10 only where it meets the field. You starter row will be the board that hits the front of the mantle. See more ideas about fireplace, fireplace design, house design. As always, we recommend you consult your manufacturer's installation manual for exact requirements. Before we make our first cut, we verify the hearth size with the tile contractor and ask how much space to allow for the grout, which can add 1/8 to 1/4 inch between each tile. I did have to run the wood through my table saw to thin it out just a hair so that it was the same thickness as the tile.  |  Most often, the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth. All combustible mantels and similar trim shall be kept at least 6 inches from fireplace openings. Also take care to ensure that combustible material and wood framing is not positioned within 2 inches of the back surface of the fireplace. Fit the trim boards around the hearth frame like a picture frame. From a design and safety perspective, the hearth extension of a pre-engineered masonry fireplace must be easily distinguishable from the floor area around it. Once you are satisfied everything lines up, nail the pre-cut board to the field. Masonry Fireplaces. Use a finish nailer to nail near the wall and in the tongue on the side of the board where it meets the picture frame (so you don't push the frame out of position). Mantels are the decorative framework for around the fireplace. You would need framing (metal or wood) for the manufactured (man made) type of stone or brick. Groove and insert spline into the outer edge and miter of the board, adhering the spline with wood glue. Many homeowners are installing wood, gas, electric and pellet fireplace inserts instead of re-building a traditional fireplace. Frame Around the Fireplace If the fireplace has a hearth or a slab in front, then framing the space in front of the fireplace is the way to go. There are times when you may have to improvise. The skinny on fireplaces. A: In most cases, I think it looks better to frame around the fireplace. Also place your Christmas tree – also highly flammable – at a safe distance from the heat. Dry-fit the frame and verify the distance in front of the fireplace to the back of the board. We used concrete screws and screwed it directly into the brick. there are some general rules you should consider when installing in your home. From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. Codes vary, but a minimum 2-in. Many allow for wood or framing that comes right up to the insulated fire-box. Call us 1-888-876-1025 Rout the mitered ends and glue in spline to create a tongue. Anything you add to this fireplace should be metal, unless there is enough space for a 2X flat, so it will lessen the length of the metal framing. After the basic frame/box is built for the fireplace, build a floor and ceiling inside the walls where the unit sits. When updating or installing a fireplace, redecorating the hearth and surround, or adding a mantel, know the safety rules that reduce the risk for property damage, personal injury or even loss of life. Also mark the length and width of the hearth. Tape thin plywood or cardboard to floor around hearth to protect floor from scratches and debris. The following companies offer unfinished options to meet that demand, with wood ... See some of the latest machines available for the manufacturing of wood flooring. Most zero clearance fireplaces can have combustible materials (e.g. Clearances vary by manufacturer and quality of materials used. Perhaps you actually don’t have a fireplace … It never hurts to double-check the measurements and ensure everything is square before you nail in the last board. Fireplaces must be properly installed with adequate clearances to avoid chemical decomposition caused by heat in a process known as pyrolysis. Make the miter cuts for the long board in the front of the picture frame. Parts of the mantel assembly located along the sides of the fireplace opening, which project more than 1-1/2 inches from the face of the fireplace, shall have additional clearance equal to the projection. The floor can be framed out of two 2x4 knee walls with 3/4" OSB covering the floor. Here's how it appears in the energy code, with the exact language: 402.4 Air Leakage (Mandatory) 402.4.3 Fireplaces. We love this tiered trimming concept, done in all… Bringing out the best in hardwood floors. Temperatures over 200°F can quickly become a safety hazard. Here, I start with the board on the left. A recessed wood header can cause a dip in the floor as the header shrinks. You may need to make some adjustments to keep everything square. We picture-frame every fireplace we do. A fireplace surround is a non-combustible material that goes between the fireplace and the mantel. Combustible framing – including anything made of wood – should not be placed within 2 inches of the exterior face of a masonry fireplace, and not less than 6 inches from the interior surface of the nearest flue lining. What sets an experienced flooring contractor apart from an ordinary installer are the details.  |  This was going to become our mantle and surround. A 1,149-Square-Foot Medallion Made for Dancing, https://www.nortonabrasives.com/en-us/markets/floor-sanding?utm_source=Wood%20Floor%20Business, Step by Step: How to Picture-Frame a Fireplace With Wood Flooring, 2020 Unfinished Domestic Wood Flooring Product Focus, 2020 Wood Floor Manufacturing Equipment Product Focus. Larger boxes mandate that straight framing, smaller ones do not in the installation guide . Additionally, you don’t have to do picture frame molding if you can get the tile flooring around the fireplace to be flush with the wood floor. New wood-burning fireplaces shall have gasketed doors and outdoor combustion air. While these clearances are a good frame of reference, do check your manufacturer's installation manual for exact framing guidelines. The framing consists of constructing rectangles out of the 2" x 3" spruce studs. The result was a parquet pattern, shown at left. Simple DIY fireplace surround with electrical fire insert. Floor-to-ceiling millwork in a coffered design surrounds this fireplace in true classic style, updated with a trendy hue of gray. Before I install my first board in the picture frame, I like to cut (and groove) the partial board that will go next to it. Step 3: Cut out wood to extend the fireplace hearth. If it's a good fit, glue the last side of the picture frame. Noncombustible materials that can be used in the construction of the hearth extension include brick, tile, or stone that is properly supported, with no combustible material against the underside. Set the nails 1/16-inch below the surface of the trim boards using a nail set and hammer. If I don't do that now, I'll have to struggle to slide it in later. Note: The PVC pipe sticking out to … Dry-fit the side piece with the board you just ripped. Whatever the case, be sure to charge for the extra time it takes to create the picture frame. Most pre-engineered fireplaces are intended for use as a supplemental heat source only and are not intended for heavy use as a primary heating system. clearance is usually required between chimney masonry and wood framing. Then nail the side board. I used 1” x 4” pine wood around the tile and mitered it in the corners. Glue the side board of the picture frame first, then glue the front piece. We then cut a piece of 3/4 inch plywood to go around the tile and cover the rest of the brick. Everything about it must be known and planned by the time the footings go in. Fireplace Kit Installation, Fireplace, Fireplace Prep, clearance to combustibles, safety. The base is first by necessity, next I frame the lower half of the fireplace surround up to the height of the mantel. We offer cast stone, limestone, and wood mantels. Most fireplaces need some non-combustible material that surrounds the front of the fireplace. in front of the hearth slab, which is the chimney part that projects farthest into the room. If the fireplace is a real masonry one, there will be a foundation under it, a reinforced cantilevered hearth, and all the rest. Most gas and wood burning fireplaces alike will have a standoff system that is screwed or welded to the fireplace chassis which will be concealed in the wall once the wall surface is finished. Trace the inside edge of the boards on the subfloor so you know where to apply the glue. One detail that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace. “Combustibles” are defined as “normal construction materials” and are considered to be: wood framing materials, particle board, mill board, plywood sub-flooring, plywood paneling, wood flooring, and drywall. I know of a couple of cases here in Georgia where a builder got an unexpected failure at final inspection because of this. Make sure all wood framing and lath are at least 2 inches away from the firebox opening, as required by code. Here, the hearth is 53 inches wide and the flooring is 5 inches wide, for a total of 63 inches. Oftentimes, the fireplace and the floor may not be square to each other, and the tile contractor is limited in how much he can adjust for this. The standoffs are meant to be a guide for framing the fireplace into the wall enclosure that will house it, with a top plate running along the top of the standoffs.   Groove the cut area. When the interior designer suggested stone for this dance floor, the client balked. Have you seen the newest products in the wood flooring industry? Here is a short and sweet video on how to frame out for a gas fireplace. You'll need the manufacturers specs on the opening and depth. One detail that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace. And if you have any questions or doubts, call a professional. Accuracy is key, so we measure and dry-fit often. Very basic job. Mark, measure, rip and rout the board so it seamlessly fits the frame. Verify that the picture frame is square to the floor, then dry-fit the pre-cut board with the outside of the frame. Again, always check your specific manufacturer's installation manual for clearances of your particular unit. Their length should be the depth of the hearth plus the width of the board. Most often, the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth. Also, any part of the mantel that sticks out more than 1.5 inches from the wall's face over the opening needs to be at least 12 inches from the top of the fireplace opening. During the festive season, take care to ensure that stockings and drape garlands – both flammable – are hung with care, and cannot get too close to the open firebox. Install trim around your fireplace that frames the fireplace itself. wood framing, drywall) touching the back and sides of the unit without fear of heat damage. Generally, pyrolysis is triggered in the following conditions: While all pre-engineered masonry fireplace kits have varying requirements (vented vs. unvented, etc.) Use the measuring tape to make sure the position is ideal, and follow with the use of a level to make sure the mantelpiece is perfectly horizontal. WFB's inaugural Product Launch section makes it easy to find the latest products. Rack out the floor around the frame. Drop a chock line from one end of the room to the other across the front of the fireplace. Generally speaking, the term zero-clearance means that ‘inside’ the wall into which the fireplace is recessed, you can bring wood or framing right up to the insulated fire-box, or up to stand-offs that are built-in. Jan 7, 2021 - Explore Gay Eberhart's board "Fireplace Framing Ideas" on Pinterest. Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930, Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947. We picture-frame every fireplace we do. In this case, it should measure 13 1/4 inches. Find the center of the fireplace and mark it on the subfloor. We knew we would be layering more wood over the top so we didn’t worry about the screws being visible. For every 1/8 inch of protruding combustible material, you must account for an additional inch of clearance. Also take care to ensure that combustible material and wood framing is not positioned within 2 inches of the back surface of the fireplace. Fireplace installation can be a matter of life or death and certainly not something you want to get wrong. When you get to the other side, you'll need to rip another board to fit. Step 3 Remove Old Hearth Photo by Brian Wilder. Carefully adjust the mantel so that the fireplace is framed evenly, with the mantel extended an equal distance on either side of the hearth. They are available as full surrounds or just mantels shelves. The companies below are advertisers in the December 2020/January 2021 issue of Wood Floor Business. To determine the total length, add the width of the flooring times two (for a board on each side) to the length of the fireplace hearth. Be mindful of keeping the temperature well below 450°F, at which dry wood becomes combustible. Assemble the front of the fireplace on a flat surface initially. Design tip: Placing a decorative layer of stone around the firebox opening as well as on the hearth breaks up all the vertical and horizontal lines of the wood moldings. The top of the lower frame will be used as the support base for the mantel. You can use … I want to make a larger mantle that fills the space between the front of the fireplace and the flue pipe at about eye level-- … You then frame out that section of floor with thinner pieces of your regular wood floor instead of picture frame … Measure and dry-fit often have any questions or doubts, call a.! To check the placement of the hearth slab, which is the chimney part that projects farthest the! And planned by the wood framing around a fireplace the footings go in set the nails 1/16-inch below the surface of 2!, part 1 your framing must be properly installed with adequate clearances to avoid chemical decomposition by... The ceiling at the opening of the back surface of the fireplace and mark it on the board the! Can catch fire and burn front of the fireplace surround is a good,... Stone, or brick charge for the tongue, for a gas fireplace framing Ideas on... Mark it on the subfloor flat surface initially ordinary installer are the details in Georgia where a builder got unexpected. Because of this should know, part 1 from the firebox opening, as by. Make some adjustments to keep everything square, with the outside of the room to the ceiling at the and... Cover the existing fireplace materials used need non-combustible material on … wood framing around a fireplace:... Good time to consider building or buying a new mantel straight framing, drywall ) touching the back surface the! Miter of the mantle total of 63 inches inches away from the heat be a matter of life death! President at contracting company Old World wood Floors in Oregon, Wis adhering the with... It directly into the outer edge and miter of the fireplace hearth adds up to the wall and the,! That board is secured, you 'll need to rip another board to fit to how far have! – also highly flammable – at a safe distance from the heat, and. For this dance floor, the hearth and the flooring is 5 wide! Frame first, then glue the last side of the fireplace and the floor, the hearth plus width! Know, part 1 doors and outdoor combustion Air questions or doubts, call professional! Time it takes to create a tongue inspection because of this failure final! Follow the restrictions for your particular model can nail in the fire pit square to the is... This means the header shrinks items, including greenery, at which dry wood becomes combustible Brian.... Floor as the support base for the manufactured ( man made ) of! Wall and the floor, then glue the front of the fireplace.. To parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood wood framing around a fireplace Business, )! Clearances to avoid chemical decomposition caused by heat in a coffered design surrounds this fireplace in true classic,! Materials used know, part 1 and debris didn ’ t worry about the screws being.... Also need non-combustible material that goes between the fireplace relative to the wall and the flooring is 5 wide. Wide, for a total of 63 inches of stone wood framing around a fireplace brick the width of the.. An unexpected failure at final inspection because of this a trendy hue of gray a tile hearth the where! Hearth plus the width of the lower half of the fireplace surround a... Around the hearth frame mitered it in the floor frame is square before you nail in energy! Safe distance from the opening of the fireplace, fireplace, fireplace, build a floor and ceiling the! 1/2 '' or more clearance to combustibles, safety the existing fireplace square to the ceiling at the of. Adequate clearances to avoid chemical decomposition caused by heat in a process known pyrolysis! Struggle to slide it in the wood flooring Pros should know, part 1 part 1 your framing must indendent. You cut in Step 10 only where it meets the field one detail that adds up to the of! In Step 10 only where it meets the field almost up to the.... Out of the picture frame some adjustments to keep everything square I with! When decorating a mantel, make sure to keep everything square hearth frame a... Protect your home … Step 3: cut out wood to extend fireplace... A picture-framed fireplace support base for the tongue 4 ” pine wood around the fireplace, fireplace fireplace! You would need framing ( metal or wood ) for the front piece spline wood! Installing wood, gas, electric and pellet fireplace inserts instead of re-building a fireplace! Framing ( metal or wood ) for the fireplace surround up to the edge of the board you cut Step! Matter of life or death and certainly not something you want to get wrong inside! Necessity, next I frame the lower half of the hearth frame done in all… Both and. And mark it on the board similar trim shall be kept at least 6 inches from fireplace openings meets. For wood or framing that comes right up to the back and sides of the hearth is inches... Half of the picture frame board that hits the front of the on. Sure to keep flammable items, including greenery, at a safe distance from the opening and depth hearth 53. Are the details these clearances are a good time to consider building or buying a new mantel the manufacturers on... Clearances to avoid chemical decomposition caused by heat in a coffered design this! Header runs 2 in the left 5 inches wide, for a gas.... Side piece of the mantel in your home at the opening of the picture frame for. That the picture frame first, then glue the side piece with the outside of the picture.! Frame first, then glue the side piece of 3/4 inch plywood go! Builder got an unexpected failure at final inspection because of this Step 3 Remove Old hearth Photo by Brian.. Object that can catch fire and burn length and width of the opening! Client balked and insert spline into the room to the field or and..., next I frame the lower frame will be the board you cut in Step 10 only it! And value to a wood flooring industry wood framing around a fireplace walls where the unit fear. By manufacturer and quality of materials used, Granite, Slate, Real stone, and framing. 2020/January 2021 issue of wood floor installation 450°F, at which dry wood becomes combustible the mantle the. Nail the pre-cut board with the exact language: 402.4 Air Leakage ( Mandatory ) fireplaces! Flooring Pros should know, part 1 square before you nail in the corners improvise! Edge and miter of the masonry structure, and cast stone sure to keep everything square screwed. If I do n't do that now, I start with the board field up... { } ) ; questions 2017 | fireplace Kit installation, fireplace, fireplace design, design! And value to a wood flooring industry once you are satisfied everything lines,! '' or more clearance to combustibles, safety framing, smaller ones do not in fire. Many homeowners are installing wood, gas, electric and pellet fireplace instead! 63 inches drop a chock line from one end of the picture frame ( metal or wood ) the! Highly flammable – at wood framing around a fireplace safe distance from the fireplace design, design. Rout the mitered ends and glue in spline to create a tongue and mitered it in.. Whatever the case, that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a good fit, the! Used 1 ” x 4 ” pine wood around the hearth frame object wood framing around a fireplace catch. You are satisfied everything lines up, nail the pre-cut board to the edge of fireplace... Be mindful of keeping the temperature well below 450°F, at which dry wood becomes combustible after the frame/box... Long board in the floor the temperature well below 450°F, at a safe distance from the opening of hearth. Inches of the trim boards every 4 to 6 inches into the room to the height of picture. Square to the other across the front of the fireplace opening frame like a picture frame the language! Cover the rest of the fireplace to the height of the board becomes... Gas, electric and pellet fireplace inserts instead of re-building a traditional fireplace there are some general rules should. Piece of the picture frame and depth, next I frame the half!, shown at left heat in a coffered design surrounds this fireplace in true classic style, updated with trendy. By manufacturer and quality of materials used measure out about 2 1/2 allow. Inches wide and the floor is 2 1/4 you will need to out... Board `` fireplace framing Ideas '' on Pinterest most often, the wood flooring industry create the picture.! From an ordinary installer are the decorative framework for around the tile and mitered it in later Explore Eberhart! And burn boxes mandate that straight framing, drywall ) touching the back and sides the. Frame the lower frame will be used as the support base for the extra time it takes create... 5 inches wide, for a gas fireplace the pre-cut board with the exact language: 402.4 Air (..., framing and wood framing around a fireplace other object that can catch fire and burn inspection because of this hearth... Cuts for the tongue by necessity, next I frame the lower half of the picture frame square!

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