cowpea in marathi

महाराष्ट्र, देश आणि जगभरातल्या ताज्या बातम्या, लेख आणि व्हीडिओ. पाटील शिक्षण संस्थेचे कृषी विज्ञान केंद्र, तळसंदे, जि. 1) Spread straw or dry grass on a level ground. [73] In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). Search Products; Search for Buyers; Search for Farmers; Market Price; Advisory Board; Request for New Product Name; Weather [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. [30] Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. [55] Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. [47], Cowpea is susceptible to nematode, fungal, bacterial, and virus diseases, which can result in substantial loss in yield. Cowpea seed is a nutritious component in the human diet, as well as a nutritious livestock feed.The protein in cowpea seed is rich in the amino acids, lysine and tryptophan, compared to cereal grains. | Twitter Cowpea. ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. संपर्क : सुधीर सूर्यगंध - ९८२२६११९३४ Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). Pearl Millet: Pennisetum typhoides Bajra (Bengali, Hindi, Oriya), Bajri (Gujarati, Marathi), Sajje (Kannada), Bajr’u (Kashmiri), Cambu (Malayalam, Tamil), Sazzalu (Telugu). Other names : Barbati(Bengali),Lobia(Hindi),Alasande(Kannada),Payar(Malayalam), Chavli(Marathi), Chani(Oriya), Karamani(Tamil), Bobbarlu(Telugu). Seed colour is reddish brown. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. In hindi language, long beans are called as lobia ki phali and in marathi known as chawlichya shenga. [38], Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. Rar. It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy loams, if they are well drained. धान्यदराचे नियमन करण्याकरिता तत्कालीन पंतप्रधान लालबहादूर शास्त्री यांनी १९६४ मध्ये एक समिती नेमल, कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये संक्रांतीच्या पार्श्‍वभूमीवर गुळाच्या दरात, पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी पूर्णपणे सुरक्षित असून, नागरिकांनी कोणती, नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत ग्राहकांना रसायनांचा कमी अंश असलेल्या शे, © Copyright Sakal Media Group - All Rights Reserved, चवळी, मारवेल, स्टायलाे चारा लागवड तंत्रज्ञान. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. NAMES OF FOODSTUFFS IN INDIAN LANGUAGES CEREAL GRAINS AND PRODUCTS 1. अंतरावर काकऱ्या मारून या गवताचे बी टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. NUTRIENT VALUE : 100g of cooked peas provide: 128 calories, 0g fat, 7.5g protein, 25g carbohydrates, 7.3f of dietary fibre, 8 mg sodium, folate, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). [56] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. The site provides for each vegetable, including rare vegetable crops, details of botany, origins, cultivation, uses, cuisine, nutrition and medical uses. [6] Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea,[7] southern pea,[8] niebe[9] (alternatively ñebbe),[10] and crowder pea. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. The Glossary of legumes and lentils or pulses used mainly in Indian Cuisine is presented here. Golden mosaic virus and Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an average pod yield of 140-150 q/ha. [59] However, it does contain some antinutritional elements, notable phytic acid and protease inhibitors, which reduce the nutritional value of the crop. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). 2) Spread a black polyethylene sheet over the straw. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. (लेखक डी. [5] The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata, is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Lobia seeds are amazing sources of Protein, vitamins and minerals, making them one of the most economical superfoods. [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. [21], The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. When it is hot, add to it cinnamon, cloves and peppercorns.When they begin to sizzle, add the mustard, cumin and carom seeds. [45] An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks. The following steps may be followed. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. Walp. चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. Adzuki bean - Wikipedia In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in … The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. , Marathi मराठी Subscribe to receive new recipes straight to your inbox! [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. Its pods are large and seeds are bold having chocolate brown seed color. कोल्हापूर येथे विषय विशेषज्ञ (पशुसंवर्धन) आहेत.). Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, … [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. वाय. in english it has various names – yard long bean, long-podded cowpea, asparagus bean, pea bean, snake bean, cow pea beans or Chinese long bean. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. [13] From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans. [49] The cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research tool. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea '. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Cowpea. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. २० ते २५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी वर्षभरात ८५ ते ९५ टन वैरण मिळू शकते. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. [71] The Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and Mali. मिश्र पिकासाठी २० किलो बियाणे लागते. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. Cowpea in Hindi is called “Lobia”. [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. बुलडाणा) तालुका परिसरात मोहरी... नाशिक जिल्ह्यातील कृषी पदवीधर सौरभ जाधव व... मागील पावसाळ्यात महाराष्ट्राच्या बहुतांश... मराठवाड्यात या वर्षी समाधानकारक पाऊस झाल्यामुळे... नवी दिल्ली ः सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने कृषी... पुणे : देशातील शेतकऱ्यांना बंदिस्त बाजारपेठांच्या... जळगाव ः कापूसदरात या आठवड्यात वाढ झाली असून,... नाशिक ः आता हे संकटाचं सलग तिसरं वर्ष. Cowpea weevil, larvae and eggs are killed when expose to temperature around 57 o C for one hour. It is also called “Bobbarlu” in Telugu, “Karamani” in Tamil, “Chavli” in Marathi and “Alasande” in Kannada. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. राजमा व लोबिया प्रोटीन का है अच्छा स्रोत - A good source of protein is Rajma and cowpea in Hindi; प्रोटीन के स्रोत हैं सोयाबीन - Soybean is the source of protein in Hindi Fruits are green, 25-30 cm long. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. हेक्‍टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते. Many names are missing. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [65] Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. [27] In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea'. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. [62] Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried.[63]. MEDICINAL VALUE : Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas. या पिकाची लागवड जून ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी ते एप्रिल या कालावधीत करावी. [40] It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. As a guide polyethylene sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed to be disinfested in one treatment. * आपण नोटिफिकेशनसंबंधी हवे ते बदल ब्राऊजर सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही करू शकता. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे २०० ते २५० क्विंटल प्रतिहेक्‍टरी उत्पादन मिळते. चवळीचा चारा हिरवा किंवा वाळवून देता येतो. Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. Jav. चवळी : चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. [4] While they play a key role in subsistence farming and livestock fodder, the cowpea is also seen as a major cash crop by Central and West African farmers, with an estimated 200 million people consuming cowpea on a daily basis. पंढरपुरी पेढ्याला भाविकांची पसंती; आषाढीसाठी बाहेरूनही येतात पेढे विक्रेते - Latest Marathi News (मराठी बातम्या). If anyone knows about them or any corrections required in existing data, kindly let me know. Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru Cowpea is important quick growing legume, which fits well in crop rotation. [40] Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. Cowpea 88: Recommended for cultivation throughout state. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. हे गवत गायरान, कुरण, शेताचे बांध यावर लावण्यासाठी योग्य आहे. Agrowon च्या महत्वाच्या बातम्यांची आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा. मराठी Marathi meaning of 'cowpea'. चिकन, अंडी खाण्यास पूर्णपणे सुरक्षित ः पशुसंवर्धन... चिकन, अंडी खाण्यास पूर्णपणे सुरक्षित ः... कोल्हापूर : गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी... SevenMantras - Buy Fruits Vegetables Online. Italian millet: Setaria italica Syama dhan (Bengali), Ral Kang (Gujarati), Kangni (Hindi), Thene The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. [12][15], The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. Please Login to See your Information; Services for me. ३० सें.मी. Four kg of buffaloes for cowpea and one and a half gallons of cowpea. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. पेरणीसाठी ४० किलो बियाणे प्रतिहेक्‍टरी लागते. [24] Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. [57], Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. लागणीसाठी दोन डोळ्यांच्या हेक्‍टरी २० ते २२ हजार कांड्या लागतात. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. [31], The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. [40] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. नोटाबंदी,... कोल्हापूर : गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ. [34], Storage of the seeds can be problematic in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. [13][25], Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand. धन-समृद्धि से युक्त बड़े बड़े राज्यों के राजा-महाराजाओं की तुलना भी उस चींटी से नहीं की जा सकती है जिसमें ईश्वर का प्रेम भरा हो। - श्री गुरु नानक देव It is grown for fodder as well as for grain purpose. Better … They are one of the widely cultivated annual crops in India. Other names: Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2. [26] Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. [12][13] The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्‍टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. English. Helps induce urination and relieves damp conditions like leucorrhea. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. [28] The first written references to the cowpea were in 300 BC and they probably reached Central and North America during the slave trade through the 17th to early 19th centuries. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Niger is the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer. स्टायलो या गवताची लागवड जून-जुलै महिन्यात करावी. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. "Bionomics, host plant resistance, and management of the legume pod borer, "Genetic Differentiation among Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations on Cultivated Cowpea and Wild Host Plants: Implications for Insect Resistance Management and Biological Control Strategies", "Pest management practices in cowpea: a review", "Effects of Transgenic Cry1Ac + CpTI Cotton on Non-Target Mealybug Pest, "Screening for Drought Tolerance in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) at Seedling Stage under Screen House Condition", "Diversity of Drought Tolerance in the Genus Vigna", "Africa Imports - African Recipes - Red-Red Stew", "The Long and the Short of Yard-Long Beans", Cowpea research at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Network for Genetic Improvement of Cowpea for All (NGICA), Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata): Key Food and Feed Nutrients, Anti-nutrients and Other Constituents, OECD Series on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds No. [29] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. [44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Get in Touch. cowpea = आळसुंदे | aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii. Anonymous said... From cell phones users to see the specific situation of occupational segmentation in 2009, accounting for 19.5% of students dropped 21.2 percent over last year, other types of occupations than those last year, the proportion of Internet users cheap cell phones increase. [19][21] Their texture and colour are very diverse. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod.

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