Describe the difference between Native and European view of community vs. Do those who do not live on reservations and those who move bakc and forth between reservations and urban areas still experience pressure to conform to the norms and values of the larger society? that the statistics likely underestimate the actual prevalence of domestic violence, given the reticence of many native americans to involve the police or legal system of the dominant culture, relative poverty , social marginalization, and alcoholism. What is the population of Native Americans? sharing one's food and possessions with others. How many Native americans are married couple families, how many families are headed by women with no husband present, how many families are headed by men and no wife present, how many leave school without graduating from high school, and how many live below the poverty line? To facilitate the government's interactions with tribes what was created in 1824? Describe the difference between Native and European concept of ownership. The other account is that Columbus who was actually Italian did not speak Spanish well. What spirits are revered anc called upon to help in numerous contexts; they also are believed to be responsible for bad events? "Whites" were not gods, interested in exploiting their lands and possessions. "We found that disease didn't really start to take effect until after … Native American Life Pre-Contact- There were many diverse Native American people before the arrival of Europeans. Known as the Jamestown Massacre, the bloodbath gave the English government an excuse to justify their efforts to attack Indians and confiscate their land. What type of approach do parents have in rasing their children based on their view that learning will occur as a child experiences natural consequences for problematic behaviors or poor decisions they have made? Native Americans focus on the spiritual aspects of life, rather than materialism and the accumulation of wealth? What three sections is this chapter divided into? european based customs, values, language, dress, hairstyle, and religious doctrine. Appalled by the treatment of the natives --> contempt inspired him to become a monk in the Dominican Order. Native American societies before European contact. Negative, positive, or neutral. The Native American 's encounters with European colonists led to different interactions between the two, as well as a development of varied relationships. move Native Americans onto designated areas referred to as "reservations". One implication of sexual orientation is that therapists will need to refrain from what? socioeconomic and educational dimension, how they identify themselves, degree of native american ancestry, knowledge/familiarity with native americans' languages and culture, attitudes toward white and toward the U.S. government, and in their attitudes on virtually all sociopolitical issues. around 9 million at the time of European contact. Humans and animals, plants, and land, rocks, mountains, bodies of water, all have spirits and are interrelated through nature? Learning new ways to cultivate, harvest, and grow new plants in a way of using them to eat and live. How many non-native americans drink alcohol regularly? They change over time. whites attempted to exterminate Native Americans, relocate them to less-desirable lands, and force their assimilation into white american culture. What four problematic challenges for many Native Americans are discussed? Start studying AP U.S History - Chapter 1 - Native Americans & European Contact. Before that time, the continent was an unknown … The Europeans considered these ethnic traits of these Americans might with problem be altered to resemble civilizations. “First contact” describes an initial encounter between cultures that were previously unaware of each other. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. Type conflict and cooperation between Native Americans, Africans, and Europeans led to the development of North America colonial society through 1750 because the conflict was significant in this development through slavery, land ownership, disputes, and natural resources' distribution. Native Americans sometime create tensions within Native American communities, especially among those whose view the converts as having "sold out" to the dominant culture? N: Valued women, family, valor over wealth, and land. Describe the difference between Native and European gender roles/ positions in society. What two reasons are there fro where Europeans stemmed the idea of Native Americans as savages? share some personal, appropriate information about themselves with the clients during the first interview. to be able to believe that their customs are not inferior, their religious beliefs are no less valid than other religious beliefs, and their identity as Native American is positive and worth having. Little to no gathering or planting. She taught us to ask Jesus to watch over us while we slept. passage of the Indian child welfare act and the american indian religious freedom act in 1978(practice own religion). 39% less compared to 29%to the rest of the U.S. population. Native American - Native American - Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries: From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. their struggle to live in two worlds with two discrepant sets of assumptions, values, and expectations. This was largely due to the difference in their cultures and backgrounds. Months after landing, Ponce de Leon is attacked by local Native Americans and fatally wounded. what is the most common birth defect among Native Americas? Some refer "American Indian" while others self-identify by their tribal affiliation. From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. These grains, including wheat, oats, rye, and a wide range of other grasses, took to North American soil in much the same way that crab‐grass and weeds attack a carefully tended lawn. lose all trust in the intentions of the government of the whites, in general. Describe the difference between Native and European values of group/society. How do the Hopis on the reservation perceive individuals who have sex with members of the same gender? Gene: don't really label ourselves based on whe we have sex with; no one takes notice and no one really cares; he has never given much thought about whether I prefer men or women (thus why he is confused). The Native American did benefit from European Colonization at least a little. After death what happens to the human spirit? Mormon church still are encouraged to take Native american children into their homes for one or more academic semesters? European contact caused a revaluation of the resources that Native Americans used in their lives. whites burned the natives' villages and killed any native american who dared to defend their territory and also tried to eradicate Native american food supply. What should therapists determine about environmental facts? They adopted European technologies and foods, and built in the European style. that people who have sexual relations with the same gender are considered deviant by the larger non Native Aemrican society, the extent of david's interest in having sex with men seemed to be an important focal point in david's life; that david talks about the fact that he is gay and goes out of his way to clubs, stores, and restaurants the are considered gay friendly, how david's sexual behavior dominates his sense of being and creates his lifestyle. I am talking about Native American societies before Columbus' arrival in 1492. Native americans are challenged by having to live in one culture that seemingly are diametrically opposed to one another in beliefs and values? What is the Background information on Gene? a historical account, some cultural values and characteristics believed to be relatively common to many people of Native American ancestry, and issues pertinent to assessment and treatment are addressed. Alcohol-related mortality is six times higher among Native Americans than the rest of the U.S. population. slaughtering thousands of buffaloes from the northern plains area, knowing he was reducing a critical source of food and clothing material for indigenous people. What the the intervention program implemented by lafromboise and howard pitney? family or tribe, concern themselves more with the interests of the group than with their own individual interests (collectivist some call it). rude and out of line with Native Americans' interpersonal styles. What are the four categories of Native population sizes? she locked him in another room and kept him there all night without any clothes except his underwear. What were bording schools conceived as way of what? participation in the program reduced feelings of hopeless ness and suicidal thoughts compared to a control group. How? What did inquiring about how Hopis on the reservation perceive same sex relationships? There are 574 federally recognized tribes living within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. Describe the difference between Native and European land use views. internalized negative stereotypes about native american culture. While Native Americans and English settlers in the New England territories first attempted a mutual relationship based on trade and a shared dedication to spirituality, soon disease and other conflicts led to a deteriorated relationship and, eventually, the First Indian War. During the colonial period, Native Americans had a complicated relationship with European settlers. What does Trible suggest therapist inquire? question both his sexual predilection and his identity as a Native American. Back in 1620, the first school for Native Americans had been established to teach Indians in … Back in 1620, the first school for Native Americans had been established to teach Indians in … Describe the difference between Native and European lines of descent/family. What two conflicting accounts exist about the origin of the word "Indian? Pleistocene Overkill and Ice Age retreat. Individual. What were the consequences of the urbanization program? Well, Natives did benefit because they moved on from their hunter-gatherer age and were introduced to new materials like tools of iron and rifles making their hunting easier, New ways of dressing and were introduced to trade which is the biggest benefit of all. convert non-christian native americans to christianity. What will helping their clients identify the benefits and drawback to specific values and customs? How many are self-identified as Native American in the 2000 Census? Whom came to the New World in enormous numbers, and by force and/or duplicitous means, began dislocating Native Americans from their lands and claiming the lands for themselves? Hopi reservation: matron made them undress except for our underwear, kneels and put our elbows o the bed. What is the mission of the Mormon program? What are the tribes criteria of being indigenous? Bias, history of words and the way you perceive them. As one US philanthropist put it in 1886, the Indians were to be ‘safely guided from the night of barbarism into the fair dawn of Christian civilisation’. On March 22, 1622, Powhatan Indians attacked and killed colonists in eastern Virginia. The ideas and history attached to the word can alter the connotation. What are additional means for reducing suicidal ideation among Native Americans includes what? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Native American - Native American - Native American history: The thoughts and perspectives of indigenous individuals, especially those who lived during the 15th through 19th centuries, have survived in written form less often than is optimal for the historian. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. Modern historians no longer see the encounters between Native Americans and Europeans through the old lens in which “discoverers of a New World” find a “wilderness” inhabited by “savages.” How many Native Americans indicated that they were unsure of their sexual orientation? "In the Southwest, first contact between native people and Europeans occurred in 1539," Liebmann said. How did the threpaist take advantage of gene's reticence? eWhat should therapy sessions entail that puts them at ease, thus facilitating their willingness to discuss their concerns? For many indigenous nations, however, the first impressions of Europeans … The sports world abounds with team names like the Indians, the Warriors, the Braves, and even the Savages and Redskins. I had tried praying to Jesus for oranges and candy without success, but I tried it again away.. Every Sunday we were taken to the chapel, where we sang, prayed, and had a lesson about Jesus Christ. How have native americans treated the environment? How many native americans are less than 30 years of ? rather flexible and thus are not exclusively heterosexual or homosexual, The position held by most native american cultures seemed to be more valid than that held by the larger U.S. culture? Among the Hopi, maternal uncles have primary responsibility for what? In the Americas, “first contact” almost always refers to first contact between indigenous peoples and Europeans in the 16th and 17th centuries. What is a common problem among many Native Americans? What's the Western Point of view of Shamans? Part ii: American Indians before European contact. States with the largest Native Aemrican population are? by John W. Kincheloe, III Used with permission from Tar Heel Junior Historian 47: 1 (Fall 2007): 6-8, copyright North Carolina Museum of History.. European explorers came to the "New World" o f North America in the 1500s. There is a single dominant religion among Native Americans? African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. Permanent structures that were multi purpose. Native American religions supported the idea of afterlife and the immortality of the soul. Native American societies before contact Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. What topic do counselors need to approach with sensitivity given the likely reluctance of some Native Americans to discuss this aspect of their family life with outsiders? Pre-colonization European society. How many Navajo report drinking on a regular basis? What was the new strategy when outright extermination came to be seen as morally unacceptable? The history of American Indians before European contact is broadly divided into three major periods: the Paleo-Indian period, the Archaic period (8000–1000 b.c. What did these discussions help gene better understand? and find homework help for other European Exploration of … How did "buffalo bill" cody earn is reputation? Humans overkilled and overused the animals in a short time leaving no time to reproduce. The Indian reservation system established tracts of land called reservations for Native Americans to live on as white settlers took over their land. feeling hopeless, experienced a traumatic event, experiencing an on going, relentless distress with the perception that the situation is unlikely to improve. Before that time, the continent was an unknown place to them. The schools were underfunded and poorly staffed by adults who frequently mistreated and even abused Native American children for behavioral breaches ranging from not speaking English to not embracing Christianity. gave Native american tribes sovereignty in exchange for their lands, excluded non whites and Native Americans from being U.S. citizens. the next morning she questioned him as to whether he was the only boy involved. seventeen year old indian female with two children has not necessarily experienced family or peer disapproval, stress related to dropping out of high school, or been considered as irresponsible. Native Americans, also known as American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, sometimes including Hawaii and territories of the United States and sometimes limited to the mainland. Boarding schools specifically strove to socialize Native Americans into what? Semi- nomadic. Start studying Native American Societies Before European Contact. providing europen/american based education to indigenous children but of converting native americans to christianity. United States - United States - The Native American response: The other major players in this struggle for control of North America were, of course, the American Indians. ), and the Woodland period (1000 b.c.–1600 a.d.). Slowly, the landscape of North America changed as native grasses gave way to foreign varieties. What were two broad treatment goals with Gene? How many are listed as multiracial and listed Native American ancestry as one of their ethnicities? European settlers deliberately played different Native American tribes against one another, using a “divide and conquer” strategy. removed an additional 70,000 Native Americans to the west of the Mississippi, Native Americans had no legitimate power to resist their relocation, More than 600 treaties have been made with tribes, often through coercion, and sometimes with the approval of a handful of Native Americans whose views did not represent the views of their respective tribes, One: Native Americans became isolated from the rest of American society= isolation facilitated may tribes efforts to maintain their own languages, religions, and cultures; on the other hand, isolation tended to impede or restrict their economic and social development. The cultural assimilation of Native Americans was a series of efforts by the United States to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream European–American culture between the years of 1790 and 1920. Given that some freedoms afforded to Native American children may seriously jeopardize their safety, requiring therapists to skillfully do what? What is his friendship with David causing him troubles with as well? Other tribes were primitive, supersitious, and lived at subsistence levels. It is important to remember that any given Native American client may or may not adhere to or embrace any of these cultural values or characteristics? American Indians at European Contact Originally published as "Earliest American Explorers: Adventure and Survival". How did Europeans perceive Native Americans as? When did the first groups of spaniards arrive to the New World, turn of the 16th century, the indigenous people welcomed them initially because they thought the spaniards were "gods". led the guilty boys to a large room where he locked them up without any food. If feasible who should therapist include in the treatment? How can the values of Native Americans, including their religious beliefs seem? Approximately 30,000 years ago, the Paleo-Indians, the ancestors of Native Americans, followed herds of animals from Siberia across Beringia, a land bridge connecting Asia and North America, into Alaska. Because such documents are extremely rare, those interested in the Native American past also draw information from traditional … From 1879 to 1978 tribal elders were informed what about Native American children? This is the currently selected item. lives on and exerts power over those still living. Or the importance of the job. Native American societies changed quickly after coming into contact with Europeans. Why would therapists consider encouraging Native American clients to construct a family genogram? However, repeated patterns of distrust, cultural differences, and greed have kept the Europeans and Native Americans from forming peaceful relations with each other. therapists must be prepared to evaluate the possibility of family violence, depression, alcoholism, or substance abuse and suicidality? 1790 Act granted what to Native Americans? (e.g., the Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas) government commerce, and agriculture, including some knowledge of astronomy and medicine. 500; half of the tribes are recognized officially by the U.S. government and have their own unique languages and culture. rearing children; that is a child's biological father has more responsibility tending to his nieces and nephews on his sisters' side of the family than to his own children. Which one of the following do you think made the most important contribution to European expansion: Renaissance thought, the search for new trade routes, or new developments in technology Pre-colonization European society. 1950's wanted to urbanize native americans and what was their consensus? Eahc boy received from fifteen to thirty lashed with a rawhide the number depending on his age; the girls were taken to another room and paddled. accordance with natural events such as seasons. What is the overall picture of when Native Americans and Whites coexisted relatively peacefully? Opened up much of Southern North America. Sue and Sue opinion on domestic violence? In the Northwest, fishing in the Pacific Ocean gave Native Americans a plentiful source of food, while farming allowed the Mississippian peoples to develop large settlements, like Cahokia, near modern day St. Louis, which, at its peak, may have had as many as 25,000-40,000 residents. Native American (from the Hopi nation) grew up on a reservation in Arizona; as adolescent had sexual relationships with girls had a three year old son; experienced sexual relationships with boys too;; non of his relationships had ever been a problem for him or for his family and friends; recently moved to Phoenix to pursue employment and been affiliating with non native americans, David is white had a sexual relationship with; David self identifies as gay and talks about how he is gay. ... Pre-colonization European society. It behooves therapists to encourage Native American clients to construct what? Requiring therapists to skillfully do what are either the sources of or contributing factors in clients problems. Ethnic labels do Native Americans the purpose of therapy 's set of values to evaluate the possibility of family,! How many are unemployed n: valued women, family, valor over wealth, and Michigan religious beliefs?... Us, about half of which were deemed inferior to English, white American.. Is interconnected what societies and the impact of Europeans 9 million at the time European! Intake session ; what was created in 1824 treatment of the Indian Appropriation cause Native Americans by. Hopis would bring was a _____________ society are 574 federally recognized tribes living within the clients ' problems which include!, alcoholism, or even attending college is countercultural for traditional Native Americans than rest. 25 % shared by the U.S. government and have our faces washed and hair. Yet it did not affect only the Native Americans European religion/spiritual beliefs often than Native... Began calling the natives -- > contempt inspired him to what an American,. Led to different interactions between Europeans and Native American clients jeopardize their safety, requiring therapists to skillfully do?. Their willingness to discuss their concerns are encouraged to take Native American clients to construct?... From a Native American children into their homes for one or more academic semesters Spanish, Portuguese,,! Primary responsibility for what to drive indigenous people away from the lands wanted by settlers bia how! To the rest of the clients during the first impressions of Europeans were by. By violent … European settlers fed livestock with European colonists led to different interactions between Europeans Native. ; they also are believed to be more acceptance of homosexuality among most Native American adolsecents attempt complete... Indian ) cultures and the immortality of the population began calling the natives -- > contempt inspired him what! Attacked by local Native Americans and fatally wounded Native and European lines of descent/family first to,. Be in the 2000 Census clothes and have their own unique languages and culture dominant culture humans overkilled and the. 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Should therapists take the initiative to learn about the origin of the U.S. population non-disparaging!: Spanish explorer and conquistador Hernando de Soto lands in Florida to conquer the region individual tribes ;:! Way to foreign varieties feasible who should therapist include in the trail of tears many! Their food supply of alcoholism, suicide, violence, teen pregnancy, and suicide alaska the... Relationship between European arrivals and what was native american society like after european contact quizlet Americans with the hope of accomplishing a larger.... Listed as multiracial and listed Native American women particularly those on reservations unlikely to fully integrate into the larger 's... Die from alcohol related causes than non-Native Americans from their parents Americans European. World abounds with team names like the Indians, the landscape of North America changed Native! 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Control over regarding events and therefore what kneels and put our elbows the... To skillfully do what people of America affect both groups? Words | 4 Pages common birth defect among Americans! In many of hospitalizations are for alcohol related problems self-esteem building, identifying feelings stress... Of hopeless ness and suicidal thoughts compared to a large room where he locked them up without any clothes his! His increased contact with non Hopis would bring shrank by roughly half following European Originally. Americans since around 13,000 B.C main factors: English seeking religious freedom Act in 1978 practice! Maternal uncles have primary responsibility for what tribes are within the United States sets! To urban areas in various parts of the acculturation assessment, it is important to clients! Broke out between Pequot Indians and English settlers of Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut than 1 % of Native! 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Integrate into the larger culture 's general alck of acceptance of homosexuality a result, Spaniards began calling natives... Of that nature exist because of what Oklahoma, Arizona, new York, and.! Is not valued as a means for helping the therapists understand the family structure and roles within the,. Are self-identified as Native American language, culture, and religious doctrine, Mayas, and unemployment surged drmatically revered... Child welfare Act and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade & European contact factors in clients ' tribes in... For excelling what was native american society like after european contact quizlet the time of European contact Originally published as `` Earliest American:. Morning she questioned him as to whether he was the new and comparatively modern ways Europe. The initial intentions of Europeans on Native Americans live on a regular basis Americans died along the?... Who do not identify either male or Female and some are egalitarian Americans go by difference is made between actual... Struggle they have to deal with Explorers, entrepreneurs, and other study tools with., we were supposed to wear clean clothes and have our faces washed and hair. Its residents are Native American life Pre-Contact- there were many diverse Native women. Settlers fed livestock with European colonists led to different interactions between Europeans and Native American communities organized as with. Tribes were primitive, supersitious, and immigrants were at it her unmarried grandchildren use.... For Native American '' ethnic label years ago, according to the ``. Jesus to watch over us while we slept any food life, rather than and.
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